Geo-Political

The Myth of the Sin the Mahatma Would Not Commit – Chapter 5

Beginnings of the Blood-bath

British attempts to impose an unnatural sense of unity upon the Hindu and the Muslim did not cease in spite of apparent failures on the negotiating table – ‘the game continued, move by Machiavellian move’ straight into 1947 while India continued to slip into bloody chaos.

Wavell, though quite convinced that “Congress was only after power and wanted to get rid of the British after which they will see how to deal with the Muslim and the Princes… the former by bribery, blackmail, and propaganda, and if necessary force… and the latter by stirring up people against them”, was eager to see an interim government in place following the Cabinet Mission’s rather abrupt departure from India.  Although Pethick-Lawrence instructed him to seek Jinnah’s participation in the set-up, especially in the wake of ML’s announcement of Direct Action, the Viceroy deemed it inadvisable to “send for Jinnah immediately” as that would only put Jinnah’s stock further up.  Instead he resorted to inviting Nehru to form the interim government while also obligating him to seek collaboration with the ML.  Nehru’s ambition was ablaze and relentless – unwilling to grant political parity to the ML and exclude Congress’ nationalist Muslims from the interim government – and Jinnah was not in the mood to continue another pointless ride on the merry-go-round of talks.  Wavell’s indirect overture was therefore rendered a failure when Jinnah suggested to “defer all action for six months” – for quite as anticipated Congress was itching to take control of India’s executive power and not the least inclined to accommodate any delay.

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Geo-Political

The Myth of the Sin the Mahatma Would Not Commit – Chapter 4

Jinnah Articulates Pakistan

Facing a massive gathering of over 60,000 Muslims from all corners of India, Jinnah spoke for 2 hours that spring afternoon at ML’s historic session in Lahore in March 1940 despite the obvious fragility of health.  Speaking in ‘faultless, subdued Englifsh accent’ to an audience only a small fraction of which understood the foreign language, he captivated the Muslim by the purity, truthfulness and authority of his conviction thereby marking the beginning of a long-standing ‘symbiotic relationship’ between himself and Muslim India ‘in which each encouraged the other and both flourished’.

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Geo-Political

The Myth of the Sin the Mahatma Would Not Commit – Chapter 3

The Young Indian Nationalist

Unlike Rahmat Ali’s fiery spirit and radical thinking Jinnah’s enduring wisdom infused with a rather uncompromising idealist fervor did tend to tarry a while before this most sincere and passionate ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity, who staunchly opposed the founding of All India Muslim League (ML) in 1906 and instead joined heads with Hindus, Parsis, Christians and 44 like-minded Muslims in the annual session of All India Congress that year, after all reached the same conclusion as Iqbal and Rahmat Ali.

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Geo-Political

The Myth of the Sin the Mahatma Would Not Commit – Chapter 2

The Indian Muslim Begins to Awaken

The despairing aftermath of the 1857 uprisings prompted visionary reformist Sir Syed Ahmed Khan to direct his efforts towards socio-economic betterment of the Muslims albeit the course of reason he adopted earned him intense criticism from a myriad of quarters and for multiple reasons.  Having born into Muslim nobility of Delhi in 1817, raised in the finest traditions of Muslim elite culture in India, and having received traditional Muslim education that included exposure to religion and science, Syed Ahmed evolved into an unorthodox intellectual who could not be stereotyped.  Despite the fact the events of 1857 touched him at a personal level in more than one way, he accepted British rule as a reality – displeasing yet inescapable.

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Geo-Political

The Myth of the Sin the Mahatma Would Not Commit – Chapter 1

The Prelude

Seven decades after the blood-spattered creation of a nation-state in South Asia, named ‘Pakistan’ in a 1933 pamphlet ‘Now or Never – Are we to live or perish forever?’ by Chaudhry Rahmat Ali (a Cambridge Graduate & Muslim activist of British India), namely for political and intellectual reasons the conception of this ‘Land of the Pure’ remains an enigmatic controversy attracting continued discourse both in liberal and conservative scholarship.

Broadly speaking most modern scholars, foreign and native, appear to permit preconceived notions, born of Western Rationalism and Liberalism, to combine with a fractured understanding of Islam’s vision and the evolution of Jinnah’s person, as they expound the causes of the creation of Pakistan.  Perceptions, primarily rooted in the modern-day concept of Free-thought, coupled with the nowadays in vogue passion for novelty of argument, further contribute to the invention of rather weak albeit fancy intellectual interpretations of what transpired for a ‘maimed, mutilated and moth-eaten’ Pakistan to emerge on the world map on August 14, 1947.

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